Web hosting is one of the necessary technologies of the internet. Without it, the websites would not exist. Previously, companies used their servers for web hosting. However, today commercial users have more and more options to choose alternative models. After all, the best between cost and benefit must be struck. Hostens can provide the best hosting platform for your website. You can see more information about Hostens and their hosting packages to make an informed decision.
Even private website operators must understand what Hosting is if they want to choose the right provider and the right product.
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Web hosting: A essential element of the internet
The hosting web is the storage space (web space) for publishing web sites, so it is known in Castilian as hosting a website.
In this respect, websites are similar to text documents. To access your documents whenever you want, you can save them on your computer’s hard drive. For the content of websites to be accessible at any time and anywhere in the world, it must also be saved, but not on a local computer, but a powerful server connected to the internet 24 hours a day. In this way, the website created will always be available online, and the content will be accessible to users around the world. This is what professional web hosting providers take care of.
Who needs web hosting?
Anyone who wants to publish a website on the internet must use web hosting in any of its forms. Whether it is a blog, a company website with CMS, a store or an online magazine, web hosting is the technological mainstay for publishing content on the web.
It does not matter if it is a private or professional online project. For businesses, it can be profitable to operate their server to serve their website on the internet. For individuals, their server’s running costs are often too high, so they usually rent the web space through a provider. For some companies, it may also be advantageous to use a service hosting the external web.
They offers a flexible and secure web hosting service for private users and businesses of all sizes. If your needs grow, you can easily switch to a larger package in just a few clicks.
How does hosting work?
Web hosting ensures that users can enter a domain name in their browser and that the website’s appropriate content is displayed. First, the website creator must register a domain and then upload the content to a web hosting provider’s server. Through the domain name system(DNS), the domain name and the server are associated. For this, the information to find a specific domain’s IP address is stored in so-called name servers. When a user accesses a URL, the domain name is converted to an IP address, and the corresponding address is searched on the internet. If everything works correctly, the user views the website.
Since hardware failures can occur, many hosting providers use multiple servers for a single domain (high availability). This means that the request’s resolution can be carried out successfully even if a server disconnects from the network. A Content Delivery Network (CDN) enables additional performance: content is stored duplicated in multiple data centres and distributed worldwide. Thus, even users who are far from the provider hosting real web can enjoy times faster loading.
A typical web hosting plan includes a database, a PHP installation, and an SSL certificate. Today, almost no online presence can do without these essential technologies. This is why many providers include these features as an integral part of their hosting package.
What types of web hosting are there?
If you want to publish a website, you can choose between different types of web hosting. Here’s an overview of the most useful storage options for businesses.
Free / ad-funded Hosting: the cheapest accommodation option, and we only include it here for your information. The hosting funded by advertising is free, but users have significant restrictions in terms of freedom of design and performance. Since it is not economically advantageous for businesses to display third party advertisements on their website, this option is not useful in a professional context.
Hosting shared (Shared Hosting): this form of Hosting is one of the most used. In this case, multiple accounts (websites) are hosted on one server. They share the hardware resources and bandwidth of the system. However, the operators of one account do not have direct access to the data of the others. Both private users and smaller professionals often choose this form of accommodation at relatively cheap rates. However, Shared Hosting’s disadvantageis security: the data is stored on a shared server with data from external companies. Performance is also limited because resources are shared. People in charge of high-traffic websites who want to ensure fast load times often choose to host on a single server.
Virtual Dedicated Servers: Virtual Dedicated Servers offer a higher degree of security. Although companies share server hardware, their accounts are created separately as independent virtual systems. With this option, users often have more extensive configuration options than those offered in shared Hosting.
Cloud Hosting – In this relatively new Hosting mode, website content is located on interconnected servers (clusters). As a result, the load is better distributed, and the performance weaknesses of the shared Hosting are compensated to some extent, while the costs remain moderate. However, Cloud Hosting is sometimes the subject of criticism in terms of data protection. If the hosting provider does not take proper security precautions, it is possible that sensitive data could fall into the wrong hands.
Dedicated server: Like the virtual dedicated server, company data is stored with a clear separation from the other clients of the hosting provider – in this case on a separate physical server, a completely independent device. The advantage: you can use the entire bandwidth of the system for your online presence. Companies also have full access to administration and can configure the server independently.
Managed hosting server: In this case, the content of the user’s website is stored on a dedicated server, but the user does not have full control over the hardware, as in the case of a dedicated server. Configuration options are more limited. In return, the web host takes care of administration and maintenance and is a drain on the company’s computing resources.
Server housing / Colocation Webhosting: With this form of hosting, the hosting provider provides companies with hosting space for their servers. Configuration, administration and maintenance are entirely in the hands of the company. This mode is intended for companies that use their hardware, but prefer to leave their servers in a professional environment. Colocation Webhosting is one of the most expensive hosting variants.
What services does web hosting include, in addition to storage space?
Depending on the Hosting chosen, web hosting consists of different elements. Each provider’s primary service is the provision of space and web server, that is, the linking of domain names with the webspace. Additionally, users can pay for other services.
In particular, in Shared Hosting and Managed Hosting, email services and 1-click installations of CMS such as WordPress, TYPO3 or Joomla are offered in different packages or with an additional payment.